SummaryFor state employees and those who exercise public authority, specialliability rules apply in regards to professional misconduct. The essayfocuses on investigating the application of disciplinary offence breach ofduty in both criminal law and labour law.
Disciplinary offence in criminallaw is regulated in the Penal Code brottsbalken which applies when theviolation committed is made within the exercise of public authority. Disciplinary offence in Anhoriga kan krava skadestand law is an administrative procedure which theauthorities as employers may resort to when their employees fail to upholdemployment obligations due to wrongful conduct.
This offence requires anexisting employment but not that the wrongful conduct is made within theexercise of public authority. The different liability regimes are intended tocomplement each other.
The criminal liability shall be strictly reserved forthe most serious attacks on civil interests. Disciplinary offence in labour law was originally a public judicialproceeding within the area of public law.
As employment law in the Publicsector evolved in order to resemble the private sector, the employee'sobligations to the employer came to rest on contractual basis. In spite ofthis, matters concerning disciplinary offence are regulated in a special law,LOA, instead of being regulated in collective agreements. This solution is aresult of the Instrument of Government Regeringsformen which requiresthat basic matters concerning state employees shall be regulated by law dueto political democracy and civil interests.
The primary purpose ofdisciplinary offence in "Anhoriga kan krava skadestand" law is to act as a safeguard to correct handlingof public matters and interests. The secondary purpose is to ensure thatemployees comply with their obligations to the employer. Disciplinary offences in criminal law and labour law overlap in many cases,meaning that both liability regimes can be applied to cases of professionalmisconduct.
Over the years, some criticisms emerged against this but in myopinion it does not represent a problem. It is clearly regulated by law whicharea of liability that is applicable in these cases. The criminal disciplinary offence has the sole purpose of protecting citizensagainst the mishandling of civil interests.
It is limited to cases concerningexercise of public authority because they constitute the most drastic form ofthe state exercising power against individual citizens. Liability Anhoriga kan krava skadestand offence in criminal law is imposed by court and subject topublic prosecution, which allows no room for arbitrary judgments.
It is asecure legal Anhoriga kan krava skadestand. Disciplinary
Anhoriga kan krava skadestand in labour law is an internaladministrative action imposed by the authority.
The employer decides whichcases to investigate as disciplinary matters. What is remarkable is that there is no inspection of, or control over, whichdisciplinary matters the employer must investigate.
There is a considerablescope for arbitrary judgment and the authority has the possibility to hidewrongful conducts. The primary purpose of disciplinary offence in labourlaw is pompous, it is meant to secure constitutionally guaranteed civilinterests. The discrepancy between the purpose of disciplinary offence onthe one hand and its actual application and the uncertain legal process on theother hand is remarkable and problematic.
Vidare tillgodoses insyn ochkontroll genom JO och JK. Hur har reglerna reformerats och vadblev effekterna? Varje kapitel avslutas med ensammanfattande kommentar. Den slutliga analysen av uppsatsen finns ikapitel 8. Den ersattes 1januari av G. Personkretsen som omfattades av straffansvaret blev tydligare.
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