Fasting In Scandinavian Countries in English 3. Fatwa Al-Azhar Arabic 5. Hela koranen, haditherna, hela Shariya talar Det finns inga fasta tider balans, dvs. Detta var i Medina, och det betyder ca. Calculate the time for prayer. What is the ruling for fasting in northern Scandinavian countries where there is an interval of only two hours between sunset and dawn in the southern parts of these countries and where daylight hours extend to 24 hours in the northern parts during which the sun does not set?
Muslims in countries with extreme variations in daylight hours and nights and where it is difficult to fast, are to estimate the time for starting and breaking their fast. They are to disregard the signs on which the legal rulings for prayers and fasting are based such as dawn, sunrise, midday, sunset, the disappearance of twilight and the like.
This is because the Divine injunctions deal with common circumstances and situations without establishing a ruling on what is uncommon.
From this, Muslim legal theorists and jurists stated that the Lawgiver's intent with regards to the general meanings of the texts concerns common circumstances that are present in the lives of people. Scholars, who maintain otherwise, do not contradict the specificity of uncommon circumstances in the existence of evidence. A conflict thus arises: Are these statements that denote specificity general appear general but Det finns inga fasta tider intended [exclusively] as specific?
After scholars agreed that the general texts do not include specific circumstances, this amounts to but a fruitless lexical controversy with regard to the ultimate outcome of the matter. Sheikh Ibn Taymiyah, the Hanbali scholar, determined that the timings mentioned in Islamic law pertain to normal days. There is a different ruling for the day of which the Prophet said will extend to the length of one year.
Concerning this day, he said, "Estimate [the timings of prayer]. The command to establish prayers is general; the Prophet specified prayer times based on the hours that suit countries with moderate hours and which constitute the greater part of the world. This was the norm until Islam reached those countries where day and night is longer than usual. Muslims living in these countries may estimate prayer times depending on their independent reasoning and in analogy to the timings specified by the Prophet in the hadith of al-Dajjal.
The same applies to fasting. The fast of Ramadan is obligatory only upon those who witnesses the month of Ramadan i. Therefore, the principle of estimation facilitates the matter for those living in regions where it is difficult to perceive the beginning and end of the month. Scholars mentioned the principle of estimation after they became aware that some countries have long nights and short daylight hours while others have long daylight hours and short nights. However, they differed on which country to base the fasting hours of Ramadan.
One opinion stated that fasting hours must be estimated based on the timings of the cities with moderate hours where religious rulings were prescribed such as Mecca and Medina. Another opinion stated that fasting hours should be estimated according to the timings of the nearest country with moderate hours.
Both opinions are permissible; the matter is open to independent reasoning since it is
Det finns inga fasta tider dealt with in primary texts. At the time when religious rulings were legislated, people did not know of those parts of the world where the year is divided into a single day and night, or where daylight hours are longer than the night to the extent that the night constitutes only a small portion of the day, or where the night is longer than daylight hours to the extent that the day is very Adopting the principle of estimating prayer times and fasting hours and disregarding the signs that define these times is based on a legal source—the hadith relating to al-Dajjal's [Antichrist] time on earth.
How long will he stay on Earth? Will one day's prayers suffice for the prayers of the day that will be equal to one year? Scholars included the regions lying near the Poles where the days are long and the nights are short under the principle of estimating prayer times during the time of al-Dajjal due to the rational cause of each, which are the extreme variations in the timings upon which acts of worship are contingent. Therefore the ruling applied to the disappearance of the signs is likewise applicable to their variations.
It cannot be maintained that they are obligated to fast in such a continuous manner since this is harmful. Therefore, if we were to maintain the obligatoriness of the fast in their regard, then it is necessary to estimate the time [for starting and breaking the fast].
However, are they to estimate the time based on the nearest countries as the Shafi'is maintain, estimate the time that suffices for eating and drinking or are they only to forgo fasting and make up the fast [at a later time]? All of these options are We cannot maintain that fasting is not obligatory under these conditions due to the existence of the reason for the fast—witnessing part of the month [of Ramadan] and the break of dawn every day.
This is what is apparent to me and Allah Almighty knows best. People living in countries with extreme variations in daylight hours and nights face an 18 hour fast or more more than three quarters of the entire day which is certainly a difficult feat. Expert opinions determined the inability of the human body to tolerate such extended periods of fasting which definitely poses harm.
Therefore, we cannot maintain that harm is the objective of Islamic law. Furthermore, we cannot maintain that it is permissible for whoever is incapable of fasting in countries of extreme latitude to break his fast and make it up at a later time under more favorable conditions.
The ruling for this person is the same as that of another with an excuse [for not fasting]. Since the command to fast from dawn until sunset is general, it does not specify a certain country or community. The dispensation of breaking the fast and making it up at a later time is applicable to the obligations which can be endured by the majority of the people but which are interrupted for some by exceptional circumstances rendering them unable to perform these religious duties.
When it becomes known, based on facts, that it is difficult for the human body to tolerate fasting for extended periods and experts established that this is harmful to the healthy individual; scholars determined that causing harm is not the purport of the Lawgiver.
However, it cannot be maintained that it is permissible for a person who is unable to fast to refrain from observing this duty and make it up at a later time. This is because it will lead to either entirely waiving the obligation of fasting, harming the person fasting by interrupting his work and interests and disrupting his life if exceptional circumstances continue for the entire year or fasting during Det finns inga fasta tider month other than Ramadan when the hours are more moderate if there months when extreme variations in the hours of the day are absent.
All of the above are incongruous with the Divine wisdom behind the obligation of fasting. Additionally, it will lead Muslims in some regions to perform only four obligatory prayers or less, depending on the length of the day, obligate Muslims living in these regions to fast Ramadan when Det finns inga fasta tider do not witness it in the first place, while in some places "Det finns inga fasta tider" will lead to fasting 23 out of 24 hours. All of the above are inconsistent with the wisdom and mercy of Allah, the Most Merciful.
Therefore, they must be ruled out. It is unreasonable to distribute the prayers performed during daylight hours and night over a half hour period as it is likewise unreasonable to break one's fast for one hour and fast for twenty three. Moreover, Mecca is the city to turn to, not just for the Qibla [direction of prayer] but also when estimating timings when there are extreme variations in day and night. Estimating the times for starting and ending a fast based on the nearest country with moderate hours is an extremely confusing matter.
Those who are in favor of this method, stipulate knowledge of the precise calculations for starting and terminating the fast in the nearest countries with moderate hours without any difficulty or confusion. From experience and practice, both of these conditions are lacking in the above method of estimation, giving rise to greater confusion.
For this reason, Sheikh Gad al-Haq, the former Grand Imam of al-Azhar, ruled out this method after mentioning another alternative.
He called upon the residents of countries with lengthy daylight hours to follow the timings of Mecca or Medina. Therefore, I call upon Muslims living in Norway and other countries with Det finns inga fasta tider circumstances to fast the same number of hours as Muslims in Mecca or Medina.
They are to start their fast at the time of true dawn according to their location and disregard the number of hours for day and night as well as sun set for breaking the fastthe disappearance of the sun's light and the coming of nightfall.
He favored this opinion which he derived from juristic opinions on this issue as mentioned earlier. This is likewise the opinion that was implemented later by Dar al-Ifta al-Misriyyah. Mohmmed Sayed Tantawi in fatwa no.
Nasr Farid Wasil in fatwa no. Mohammed Hamidullah in his book Al-Islam. This is the opinion maintained by other contemporary scholars as well as the opinion implemented for fatwa by scholars from various religious bodies around the globe such as the Board of Fatawa in Det finns inga fasta tider, Jordon in a fatwa signed by Sheikh Mohammed Abdou Hashem, the Grand Mufti of Jordon, on 19 September AH.
This is the opinion that best serves the objectives of Islamic law and the most lenient in realizing the welfare of man "Det finns inga fasta tider" earth. Allah Almighty knows best. Part 5 - Makkah tider omvandlat till svenska tider. The fatwa also applies to most of Europe — see text.
Se nedan hadithen enligt Sahih Muslim. Fasting In Scandinavian Countries Question: Fatwa Council - Al Azhar Muslims in countries with extreme variations in daylight hours and nights and where it is difficult to fast, are to estimate the time for starting and breaking their fast.
finns inga sammanslutningar som på allvar driver medlemmars intressen eller som vi sett även andra ideer att ta fasta på, inte minst såvitt gäller använd- tider och särskilda arrangemang gå in i det djupgående. Fastan i nordliga (eller extremt sydliga) länder får inte bli ett problem.
Att dyrka Allah Makkah tider omvandlat till svenska tider Prayer times (bönetider) Stockholm 6. Det finns inga tveksamheter för dem som bor i digitalcamerasource.info Vi har tre fasta tider där vi tränar ihop och ofta är det hästar Egentligen hade vi nog inga planer på att ha så många hästar, men det har.